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Serious Health Effects From Annoying Noise 

While safety continues to be the primary concern for most residents in the city of Kingston, there are some people who are getting physically ill because of Moorabbin Airport noise.   As the charts below show, the noise does not have to be ear splitting to make people sick.  All aircraft noise which disturbs normal day or night time activities and or causes annoyance, can lead to increased risks of cardiovascular disease.  Noise can also cause reduced quality of life and associated psychological issues like anxiety, emotional stress, nervous complaints, nausea, headaches, instability, argumentativeness, changes in mood, increased social conflicts, substance abuse and sexual dysfunction.   (WHO: Guidelines For Community Health)

This doesn't mean that we should close every airport, but in an advanced society it should be sufficient grounds for not making problems worse by increasing airport and aircraft activity and hence noise.  This could not be more pertinent for a discretionary training and recreational airport like Moorabbin where there are available compromises and alternatives.

The social relevance of health impacts in people exposed to aircraft noise is not just about a few people being exposed to severe or moderate noise.  It has been shown that there are far greater implications for public health where a large number of people are being exposed to moderate, low or  even annoying noise.


Living Near Moorabbin Airport Might Have A Similar Effect on
Blood Pressure as Heavy Smoking**

moorabbin noise and high blood pressure

  ** Cigarettes and hypertension :  Groppelli, A, Giorgi, DM, Omboni, S, et al. Persistent blood pressure increase induced by heavy smoking. J Hypertens 1992; 10:495.

More references relating to noise and heart disease:

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  • Andren L, Hansson L, Eggertsen R, Hedner T, Karlberg BE. Circulatory effects of noise. Acta Med Scand (1983) 213:31–35.[ISI][Medline]
  • Andren L, Hansson L, Bjorkman M, Jonsson A. Noise as a contributory factor in the development of elevated arterial pressure. A study of the mechanisms by which noise may raise blood pressure in man. Acta Med Scand (1980) 207:493–498.[ISI][Medline]
  • Michalak R, Ising H, Rebentisch E. Acute circulatory effects of military low-altitude flight noise. Int Arch Occup Environ Health (1990) 62:365–372.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Holand S, Girard A, Meyer-Bisch C, Elghozi JL. [Cardiovascular responses to a acoustic startle stimulus in man][Article in French]. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss (1999) 92:1127–1131.[ISI][Medline]
  • Mahmood R, Khan GJ, Alam S, Safi AJ, Salahuddin, Amin-ul-Haq. Effect of 90 decibel noise of 4000 hertz on blood pressure in young adults. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad (2004) 16:30–33.[Medline]
  • Fogari R, Zoppi A, Corradi L, Marasi G, Vanasia A, Zanchetti A. Transient but not sustained blood pressure increments by occupational noise. An ambulatory blood pressure measurement study. J Hypertens (2001) 19:1021–1027.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Chang TY, Jain RM, Wang CS, Chan CC. Effects of occupational noise exposure on blood pressure. J Occup Environ Med (2003) 45:1289–1296.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Ising H, Kruppa B. Health effects caused by noise: evidence in the literature from the past 25 years. Noise Health (2004) 6:5–13.[Medline]
  • Spreng M. Central nervous system activation by noise. Noise Health (2000) 2:49–58.[Medline]
  • Babisch W. Noise and health. Environ Health Perspect (2005) 113:A14–A15.[ISI][Medline]
  • Ising H, Michalak R. Stress effects of noise in a field experiment in comparison to reactions to short term noise exposure in the laboratory. Noise Health (2004) 6:1–7.[Medline]
  • Di Nisi J, Muzet A, Ehrhart J, Libert JP. Comparison of cardiovascular responses to noise during waking and sleeping in humans. Sleep (1990) 13:108–120.[ISI][Medline]
  • Davies RJ, Belt PJ, Roberts SJ, Ali NJ, Stradling JR. Arterial blood pressure responses to graded transient arousal from sleep in normal humans. J Appl Physiol (1993) 74:1123–1130.[Abstract/Free Full Text]
  • Carter N, Henderson R, Lal S, Hart M, Booth S, Hunyor S. Cardiovascular and autonomic response to environmental noise during sleep in night shift workers. Sleep (2002) 25:457–464.[ISI][Medline]
  • Carter NL. Transportation noise, sleep, and possible after-effects. Environ. Int. (1996) 22:105–116.[ISI]
  • Jarup L, Dudley ML, Babisch W, Houthuijs D, Swart W, Pershagen G, Bluhm G, Katsouyanni K, Velonakis M, Cadum E, Vigna-Taglianti F, HYENA Consortium. Hypertension and exposure to noise near airports (HYENA): study design and noise exposure assessment. Environ Health Prespect (2005) 113:1473–1478.
  • Jarup L, Babisch W, Houthuijs D, Pershagen G, Katsouyanni K, Cadum E, Dudley ML, Savigny P, Seiffert I, Swart W, Breugelmans O, Bluhm G, Selander J, Haralabidis A, Dimakopoulou K, Sourtzi P, Velonakis M, Vigna-Taglianti F, for the HYENA Consortium. Hypertension and exposure to noise near airports—the HYENA study. Environ Health Perspect (2008) (in press).
  • Staessen JA, O’Brien ET, Thijs L, Fagard RH. Modern approaches to blood pressure measurement. Occup Environ Med (2000) 57:510–520.[Abstract/Free Full Text]
  • Jones CR, Taylor K, Chowienczyk P, Poston L, Shennan AH. A validation of the Mobil O Graph (version 12) ambulatory blood pressure monitor. Blood Press Monit (2000) 5:233–238.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Van de Borne P, Nguyen H, Biston P, Linkowski P, Degaute JP. Effects of wake and sleep stages on the 24-h autonomic control of blood pressure and heart rate in recumbent men. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol (1994) 266:H548–H554.[Abstract/Free Full Text]
  • Blanc J, Baudrie V, Tulen J, Ponchon P, Gaudet E, Elghozi JL. Social isolation affects the pattern of cardiovascular responses to repetitive acoustic startle stimuli. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol (1997) 24:40–45.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Guilleminault C, Stoohs R, Clerk A, Simmons J, Labanowski M. From obstructive sleep apnea syndrome to upper airway resistance syndrome: consistency of daytime sleepiness. Sleep (1992) 15(Suppl. 6):S13–S16.[ISI][Medline]
  • Portaluppi F, Cortelli P, Provini F, Plazzi G, Manfredini R, Lugaresi E. Alterations of sleep and circadian blood pressure profile. Blood Press Monit (1997) 2:301–313.[Medline]
  • Girard A, Holand S, Laude D, Elghozi J. Antihypertensive monotherapy and cardiovascular responses to an acoustic startle stimulus. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol (2001) 37:101–107.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Van Dongen HP, Maislin G, Kerkhof GA. Repeated assessment of the endogenous 24-hour profile of blood pressure under constant routine. Chronobiol Int (2001) 18:85–98.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Basner M, Buess H, Mueller U, Plath G, Samel A. Aircraft Noise Effects on Sleep: Final Results of DLR Laboratory and Field Studies of 2240 Polysomnographically Recorded Subject Nights. 33rd International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering (Internoise 2004), 22–25. 08. 2004: Prague/Czech Republic.
  • Ali NJ, Davies RJ, Fleetham JA, Stradling JR. Periodic movements of the legs during sleep associated with rises in systemic blood pressure. Sleep (1999) 14:163–165.
  • Pillar G, Bar A, Shlitner A, Schnall R, Shefy J, Lavie P. Autonomic arousal index: an automated detection based on peripheral arterial tonometry. Sleep (2002) 25:541–547.
  • Flynn AJ, Dengerink HA, Wright JW. Blood pressure in resting, anesthetized and noise-exposed guinea pigs. Hear Res (1988) 34:201–205.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Nakamura T, Tanida M, Niijima A, Hibino H, Shen J, Nagai K. Auditory stimulation affects renal sympathetic nerve activity and blood pressure in rats. Neurosci Lett (2007) 416:107–112.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Sutoo D, Akiyama K. Music improves dopaminergic neurotransmission: demonstration based on the effect of music on blood pressure regulation. Brain Res (2004) 1016:255–262.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Heude E, Bourgin P, Feigel P, Escourrou P. Ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure disturbs sleep and raises systolic pressure at night in patients suspected of suffering from sleep-disordered breathing. Clin Sci (Lond) (1996) 91:45–50.[Medline]
  • Villani A, Parati G, Groppelli A, Omboni S, Di Rienzo M, Mancia G. Noninvasive automatic blood pressure monitoring does not attenuate nighttime hypotension. Evidence from 24 h intraarterial blood pressure monitoring. Am J Hypertens (1992) 5:744–747.[ISI][Medline]
  • Schwartz GL, Turner ST, Moore JH, Sing CF. Effect of time of day on intraindividual variability in ambulatory blood pressure. Am J Hypertens (2000) 13:1203–1209.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Van der Steen MS, Pleijers AM, Lenders JW, Thien T. Influence of different supine body positions on blood pressure: consequences for night blood pressure/dipper-status. Blood Press Monit (2000) 18:1731–1736.
  • Schmidt TF, Wittenhaus J, Steinmetz TF, Piccolo P, Lupsen H. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory noninvasive continuous finger blood pressure measurement with PORTAPRES: a new tool in cardiovascular research. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol (1992) 19 (Suppl. 6):S117–S145.
  • Muzet A, Ehrhart J, Eschenlauer R, Lienhard JP. Habituation and age differences of cardiovascular response to noise during sleep. 5th Congress on Sleep Research, Amsterdam. In: Sleep (1980) Basel: Karger. 212–215.
  • Morrell MJ, Finn L, Kim H, Peppard PE, Badr MS, Young T. Sleep fragmentation, awake blood pressure, and sleep-disordered breathing in a population-based study. Am J Respir Crit Care med (2000) 162:2091–2096.[Abstract/Free Full Text]
  • Rosenlund M, Berglind N, Pershagen G, Jarup L, Bluhm G. Increased prevalence of hypertension in a population exposed to aircraft noise. Occup Environ Med (2001) 58:769–773.[Abstract/Free Full Text]
  • Eriksson C, Rosenlund M, Pershagen G, Hilding A, Ostenson CG, Bluhm G. Aircraft noise and incidence of hypertension. Epidemiology (2007) 18:716–721.[Medline]
  • Babisch W, Beule B, Schust M, Kersten N, Ising H. Traffic noise and risk of myocardial infarction. Epidemiology (2005) 16:33–40.[CrossRef][ISI][Medline]
  • Henry JP. Biological basis of the stress response. News Physiol Sci (1993) 8:69–73.[Abstract/Free Full Text]

References taken from:  Alexandros et al 2008, Acute effects of night-time noise exposure on blood pressure in populations living near airports

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